What is Short Sightedness?
Myopia or Short Sightedness is a common eye disorder that occurs when there is something wrong with the shape of the eyeball, cornea or lens, and causes objects in the distance to be blurred. The condition may begin to develop during puberty and progressively worsen until the eye stops growing, but myopia can also occur at a very young age
Signs and Symptomps
There are some symptoms of myopia to watch out for: Headache, sitting close to objects (TV or whiteboards) and rubbing eyes (more than usual. Untreated myopia in children, or a severe case in an adult, can lead to a number of related eye diseases including Ambialopia – An eye does not develop properly, Glaucoma – The pressure in your eyes increases, Cataract – The lens becomes cloudy and mottled, Retina detaches – The retina detaches from the blood vessels (which supply nutrients & oxygen).
What Causes Short-Sightedness and Diagnosis
Myopia can be caused by a malformed lens, the cornea, or the eyeball stopping the light from reaching the retina. This means that the light is not refracted in the right place in the eye, which gives foggy vision. The condition can be a result of various environmental and genetic factors. Myopia can usually be diagnosed on a regular eye examination.
How to Treat Short Sightedness
Myopia or Short Sightedness is usually treated with corrective glasses, such as glasses or contact lenses. But eye laser surgery is becoming increasingly popular (although not for free), and in cases where this does not work or is not possible, there are artificial lens implants – but this is a relatively new method.